Who was affected by the earthquake?
This earthquake affect all the people on Haiti, leaving 230,000 people dead.
Why was Haiti struck by an earthquake?
Haiti was struck by an earthquake because of it’s positioning between three plates. The North and South American plates are trying to move to the West. Around Haiti, were the transform plates, and they were grinding together. This is what caused the earthquake.
Do you disagree with any of the explanation given by the Al Jazeera meteorologist? How would you improve the explanation? What terminology do you think should be used?
I do agree with the explanation provided by this meteorologist is correct, but it was very brief. I think they should have included more information about the cause of the earthquake, including the measure on the richter scale, and epicenter.
When did the earthquake happen?
The earthquake struck at the epicenter at Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 16:53:10.
Do you think that the death toll was affected by the time of day that the earthquake occurred? Explain your answer fully.
I think that the death toll was affected by the time of the day the earthquake occurred since children were in school, maybe playing outdoors. The civilians were fulfilling their daily duties, which are mostly outside of their houses. If the earthquake were to strike later in the evening, or early morning, when everyone is at home, the death toll would have been less. This is because they are under shelter and in a familiar place where they can be protected.
What physical components of the earthquake contributed to the severity of this extreme natural event?
First, this earthquake was measured a 7.0 on the richter scale, which is extremely strong. Also, this was the biggest aftershock, so there were other, smaller shocks that also caused some damage.
Haiti’s Level of Development
How might Haiti’s level of development have impacted upon the death toll?
As you can see in the table above, Haiti is a developing country. Haiti does not have proper roads and means of transportation. This affects the path the ambulances, helicopters and such reach the hurt. Also, buildings are very weak, so they fall to the ground without a fight. Haiti is also not a very hygienic place, in terms of their water supply and such.
How is Haiti’s history a contributing factor to the death toll?
In the last 60 years, Haiti’s life expectancy has increased by approximately 30 years, but their GDP per capita has decreased. It has been through tough economic times, with the struggle of being an independent country. After Haiti gained independence from France in 1804, the French demanded money to cover up expenses in the war. Times such as this, is why Haiti does not have a strong economy and it’s unable to stabilize it’s economy, or spend money to improve infrastructure.
What is a multiple hazard location? How might the fact that Haiti is a multiple hazard location have impacted the death toll negatively and positively?
Haiti is on a ‘key hurricane track’, and it is at a multiple hazard location. A multiple hazard location is a place which has a high tendency to experience earthquakes, tsunamis, and hurricanes. The only positive aspect of Haiti being a multiple hazard zone is the experience and knowledge the country earns by being affected by earthquakes. For example, Japan is also struck by earthquakes often too. The Japanese people learnt from this, and made earthquake resistant-buildings, and they have made plans and strategies to prevent a high death toll. The same way, Haiti can make safe structures and education their people about the dangers that can head their way. The negative aspect of Haiti being a multiple hazard zone is that it does not help the country in developing further, since the country does not have enough money to keep on rebuilding structures.