Urban Land Use Models

According to the image above, factories/industrial areas can also be called Wholesale Light Manufacturing.

An additional ring can also be called a.) a computer zone or b.) high class housing.

The difference between the Burgess model and the HOYT model is the lack of either a commuter zone or high class housing. Also, the Burgess model’s structure is rings, whereas the HOYT model has been separated and distributed unevenly.

The Burgess model is also known as concentric zone model. It was based on the idea of higher class at the ends, created by Ernest Burgess in 1924.

The HOYT model was created in 1939 by Homer Hoyt, who was an economist. “While accepting the existence of a central business district, Hoyt suggested that various groups expand outward from the city center along railroads, highways, and other transportation arteries. Using Chicago as a model, an upper class residential sector evolved outward along the desirable Lake Michigan shoreline north of the central business district, while industry extended southward in sectors that followed railroad lines.” He tried to make the lower class residents live closer to the railroads, etc.

In which area are you most likely to:

– Get your car stolen

(low class residential)

The population that lives here does not have a high income which does not allow them to financially own a car, therefore, they are likely to steal other peoples cars.

– See a fox at night

(rural-urban fringe)

This area is near nature, which could lead to animals to come into the area.

– See a porche car

(high class residential)

The people living in this area, are very financially fortunate and can afford vehicles such as a porche.

– have a school with good grades

(high class residential)

The high class residents have more money to spend on their children’s education, such as sending them to better schools.

– have complaints about noisy neighbors

(low class residents)

The lower class residents may have less of an awareness on the level of noise they might be creating. Also, their houses might not be so sound proof, so sound will be easily heard from neighboring houses.

– see empty McDonalds wrappers

(central business district, low and middle class residential)

McDonalds stores would be available at the central business district. Low and middle class residents are more likely to eat, and leave the wrappers out.

– buy milk at 10:30 at night

(central business district)

Stores are more likely to be open in the central business area.

– be able to catch a bus to visit friends anywhere

(central business district)

The central business district would have means of transportation to all places.

– see a police car with it’s blue lights flashing

(central business district, low class residential)

Police cars will be in the CBD since it is a busy place, with all kinds of people. Police cars will be in low class residential since the crime rate is high in those areas.

– be able to buy drugs?


Illegal drugs can be found in the CBD and low residential areas. Prescription drugs are found in hospitals which are usually placed in middle and high class areas.

There are major differences in the structure of the land in LEDC areas and MEDC areas. The way the different parts of an area were placed were significantly different, in the LEDC area, the high costing houses and the industry were separate from the rings. Most areas in India were/are structured in random orders and places, not having a plan. The buildings are not close together, nor are they tall, which becomes inefficient. In a place like Japan, every building was intensely prepared for, keeping buildings tall and together, therefore saving space.


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