Monthly Archives: April 2012

Traffic Managment

Task One: Imagine you work for the complaints department at Manchester City Council How would you explain to the driver of a car that was been damaged by raising bollards why the bollards had been installed in the CBD (Central Business District)?
We apologize for the inconvenience. Bollards have been installed in our publics areas to keep a distance between the pedestrians and the vehicles travelling on the road. In a crowded place such as Manchester City, it is strongly depended on for pedestrians to stay well. Bollards are necessary and need to remain in the CBD (Central Business District). In future travels, please refrain from reaching too close to the bollards, to prevent further accidents.

Task Two: Produce some notes on ‘Park and Ride Schemes’:

What are ‘Park and Ride Schemes’?

The park and ride scheme is an area where cars can be parked, and there available public transport for the citizens to travel on. These consist of buses, rail systems, etc.

How do they work?

People that wish to take the public transport will travel by their own car to the facility where a parking space will be available. Then, they will be able to ride the public transportation, and collect their car when they return from their trip. These facilities are usually located in the suburbs and outer areas of the city.

How do they reduce urban traffic congestion?

This system is an ideal way to avoid urban traffic congestion since there will be less vehicles on the road. The people can park their car in the park and ride facility instead of hunting for a parking at their destination. Also, it is a way for people to use public transportation.

Give detailed examples of a ‘Park and Ride’ scheme from one urban location.
Bangkok, Thailand’s Mass Rapid Transit is an example of ‘Park and Ride’ scheme. At each station, there is a building where all the cars are parked. There are a different amount of parking spaces at each station. In this scheme in Bangkok, there is a system where people sign up monthly. In the image below, the blue line is the MRT route.

Task Three: Print a copy of the news article ‘A year on, the cycle experiment has hit some bumps‘ and then with three different colors highlight the following:

  1. How the bicycle scheme in Paris works? : BLUE
  2. Any negative elements to the scheme in Paris. : PURPLE
  3. Any positive elements to the scheme in Paris. : ORANGE

Task Four: Produce a detailed case study of the Congestion Charges scheme in London, UK. By producing your case study you should develop your understanding of the following:

1. How the scheme actually works – how is money collected?, how are cars monitored?

Money is collected by vehicles when passing through certain areas in London. Cars are monitored by cameras placed at entrances and exits, which record your car plate number. Fines are charged if you are unable to pay in advance or before midnight that same day. “The daily charge is £10 if you pay in advance or on the day,  but increases to £12 if payment is made by midnight on the following charging day.” – (AA, 2012)

2. The geographical scale of the scheme.

3. The successes of the scheme.

– reduces number of vehicles

– contribution to road mantainence

– encourages public transportation (benefits environment)


4. Any negative impacts about the scheme.

– may not be as effective as other options since people can take cabs, and other roads to get to their destination

– may hurt the people who have to pay economically
5. The future of the scheme.

Regarding the future, suggestions have been about the changing in price. Also, the use of GPS in the car as a better tracking system.



Urban Land Use Models

According to the image above, factories/industrial areas can also be called Wholesale Light Manufacturing.

An additional ring can also be called a.) a computer zone or b.) high class housing.

The difference between the Burgess model and the HOYT model is the lack of either a commuter zone or high class housing. Also, the Burgess model’s structure is rings, whereas the HOYT model has been separated and distributed unevenly.

The Burgess model is also known as concentric zone model. It was based on the idea of higher class at the ends, created by Ernest Burgess in 1924.

The HOYT model was created in 1939 by Homer Hoyt, who was an economist. “While accepting the existence of a central business district, Hoyt suggested that various groups expand outward from the city center along railroads, highways, and other transportation arteries. Using Chicago as a model, an upper class residential sector evolved outward along the desirable Lake Michigan shoreline north of the central business district, while industry extended southward in sectors that followed railroad lines.” He tried to make the lower class residents live closer to the railroads, etc.

In which area are you most likely to:

– Get your car stolen

(low class residential)

The population that lives here does not have a high income which does not allow them to financially own a car, therefore, they are likely to steal other peoples cars.

– See a fox at night

(rural-urban fringe)

This area is near nature, which could lead to animals to come into the area.

– See a porche car

(high class residential)

The people living in this area, are very financially fortunate and can afford vehicles such as a porche.

– have a school with good grades

(high class residential)

The high class residents have more money to spend on their children’s education, such as sending them to better schools.

– have complaints about noisy neighbors

(low class residents)

The lower class residents may have less of an awareness on the level of noise they might be creating. Also, their houses might not be so sound proof, so sound will be easily heard from neighboring houses.

– see empty McDonalds wrappers

(central business district, low and middle class residential)

McDonalds stores would be available at the central business district. Low and middle class residents are more likely to eat, and leave the wrappers out.

– buy milk at 10:30 at night

(central business district)

Stores are more likely to be open in the central business area.

– be able to catch a bus to visit friends anywhere

(central business district)

The central business district would have means of transportation to all places.

– see a police car with it’s blue lights flashing

(central business district, low class residential)

Police cars will be in the CBD since it is a busy place, with all kinds of people. Police cars will be in low class residential since the crime rate is high in those areas.

– be able to buy drugs?


Illegal drugs can be found in the CBD and low residential areas. Prescription drugs are found in hospitals which are usually placed in middle and high class areas.

There are major differences in the structure of the land in LEDC areas and MEDC areas. The way the different parts of an area were placed were significantly different, in the LEDC area, the high costing houses and the industry were separate from the rings. Most areas in India were/are structured in random orders and places, not having a plan. The buildings are not close together, nor are they tall, which becomes inefficient. In a place like Japan, every building was intensely prepared for, keeping buildings tall and together, therefore saving space.

More babies, please: Italy

Articles on Italy:

Italian village’s mayor hopes tax on singles leads to babies

Italian women shun ‘mamma’ role

Italy’s mamma’s boys to be given cash to fly the parental nest

BBC Parenthood policies in Europe

Population Situation:

Italy has an aging population, which causes the society to be pressured. An aging population has a fewer population collecting income. It would be easy to conclude that the population in this village has no interest in having and raising children, and they move ahead slowly. In the first article, it stated that a couple had been engaged for 20 years. Comparing this to India, a country with a booming population, in most situations: two people are introduced (often by parents), they are married within six months, and a child is usually born a year or two after. According to Italian village’s mayor hopes tax on singles leads to babies, “Funerals in the village outnumber weddings by 3 to 1. There is no secondary school, not enough children to fill the primary school and the kindergarten will close within three years unless more babies are born. One was born last year, none this year.” In a different article, the problem why the birth rate was declining is 1.) the discrimination against women who put a halt to their career for children and 2.) the high expenses that nurseries & a shortage of houses for the young population.

Population Policies:

Many proposals have been given to the public to alter this issue. Fees up to 1000 euros have been given to mothers to help costs with their second baby only. This helps with paying for a new home, and paying for nurseries when required. Also, the government thought of paying women who did not have abortions, and kept the child instead. The mayor of the village Vastogirardi proposed a tax on all the single adults in this village. The people are not motivated or threatened by this act.